Pennsylvania

Water Quality in the State of Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is a state located in the Northeastern, Great Lakes, Appalachian, and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. It is a state full of rolling hills, rich forests, and millions of acres of farmland. Pennsylvania is home to Hershey's chocolate and Crayola.

 

Water quality in Pennsylvania is overseen by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). Pennsylvania residents get their drinking water from surface and ground resources.  About half of Pennsylvania drinking water comes from groundwater, which is supplied through public drinking water systems, however, many families get their drinking water from their private wells.

 

Pennsylvania Water Hardness by City

Pennsylvania water is considered hard. The average water hardness for the Pennsylvania resident is around 151 PPM. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania's capital has water hardness of 160 PPM and Philadelphia, the most populated city in Pennsylvania has water hardness of 149 PPM, which is considered hard according to the USGS water hardness page.

 

For more information on water hardness in specific cities, please see the table below.

 

City Water hardness Data

Philadelphia

19120 | 19124 | 19111 | 19143 | 19134 | 19149 | 19104 | 19148 | 19140 | 19145 | 19131 | 19139 | 19144 | 19147 | 19146 | 19128 | 19152 | 19135 | 19116 | 19141 | 19115 | 19136 | 19154 | 19151 | 19138 | 19132 | 19114 | 19121 | 19119 | 19142 | 19133 | 19130 | 19125 | 19103 | 19150 | 19122 | 19126 | 19123 | 19107 | 19153 | 19106 | 19118 | 19129 | 19137 | 19127 | 19102 | 19113 | 19109 | 19112

149 PPM (mg/L) or 9 gpg

Pittsburgh

15237 | 15235 | 15221 | 15206 | 15236 | 15227 | 15213 | 15217 | 15212 | 15210 | 15216 | 15205 | 15241 | 15239 | 15202 | 15220 | 15228 | 15219 | 15226 | 15229 | 15234 | 15218 | 15214 | 15243 | 15238 | 15215 | 15201 | 15209 | 15207 | 15232 | 15224 | 15211 | 15208 | 15203 | 15204 | 15223 | 15222 | 15233 | 15225 | 15260 | 15290

136 PPM (mg/L) or 8 gpg

Allentown

18102 | 18103 | 18104 | 18109 | 18106 | 18101 | 18105 | 18195

176 PPM (mg/L) or 10 gpg

Scranton

18505 | 18504 | 18509 | 18510 | 18508 | 18512 | 18519 | 18503

240 PPM (mg/L) or 14 gpg

Erie

16509 | 16510 | 16506 | 16503 | 16505 | 16508 | 16504 | 16502 | 16511 | 16507 | 16501 | 16563 | 16546

219 PPM (mg/L) or 13 gpg

Reading

19606 | 19601 | 19604 | 19607 | 19608 | 19605 | 19602 | 19610 | 19611 | 19609

265 PPM (mg/L) or 15 gpg

Harrisburg

17112 | 17111 | 17110 | 17109 | 17104 | 17103 | 17113 | 17102 | 17101 | 17120

160 PPM (mg/L) or 9 gpg

State College

16801 | 16803

170 PPM (mg/L) or 10 gpg

Chambersburg

17202 | 17201

10 PPM (mg/L) or 1 gpg

East Stroudsburg

18301 | 18302

112 PPM (mg/L) or 6 gpg

Lebanon

17042 | 17046

176 PPM (mg/L) or 10 gpg

Johnstown

15905 | 15904 | 15902 | 15906 | 15909 | 15901

122 PPM (mg/L) or 7 gpg

Altoona

16601 | 16602

121 PPM (mg/L) or 7 gpg

Williamsport

17701 | 17702

145 PPM (mg/L) or 8 gpg

Gettysburg

17325

118 PPM (mg/L) or 7 gpg

Warren

16365

96 PPM (mg/L) or 6 gpg

Hazleton

18201 | 18202

23 PPM (mg/L) or 1 gpg

Lancaster

17603 | 17601 | 17602 | 17606

105 PPM (mg/L) or 6 gpg

York-Hanover

17403 | 17402 | 17404 | 17406 | 17408 | 17401 | 17407

182 PPM (mg/L) or 11 gpg

Hershey

17033

150 PPM (mg/L) or 9 gpg

Punxsutawney

15767

310 PPM (mg/L) or 18 gpg

 

PPM = Parts Per Million

mg/L = Milligrams Per Liter

gpg = Grains Per Gallon

 

 

Manufacturing and Hard Water

Pennsylvania’s main manufacturing sectors are food processing, fabricated metal products, machinery, chemical, and electronic products and computers. Food processing is the second biggest manufacturing sector in the state. Pennsylvania is the leading producer of canned mushrooms, pretzels, potato chips, and ice cream in the United States. Pennsylvania is also home to some of the biggest food brands, such as Heinz, Hershey’s, Snyder’s of Hanover and more…

 

Product processing in most manufacturing plants requires water. Cooling towers and HVAC are imperative to keeping operations running smoothly. Water hardness levels in Pennsylvania can be as high as 500 PPM; with water hardness levels this high, manufacturing equipment can deteriorate at a rapid pace and experience efficiency loss.

 

Solutions to your Water Quality Problems

Fixing your water quality issues in the state of Pennsylvania will depend on your specific water source. It is best to test your potable water supply in order to get a better understanding of your water quality. Testing is relatively cheap. The test results will allow you to understand if your potable water has issues that need to be addressed. Common solutions to water contamination problems may include a water filtration system, a reverse osmosis system, or other whole home water treatment solutions.

 

A problem that all Pennsylvania residents will have to deal with is hard water. One old-fashioned, inefficient, expensive, and unhealthy method to treat hard water is with a salt-based water softener. Most people don’t realize that if you’re using a water softener, you are basically removing calcium and magnesium from your drinking water and adding salt to your diet. In addition, many states are banning the use of salt-based water softeners.

 

Alternative water treatment solutions such as “water conditioners” have been gaining popularity in recent years because they are cheap to operate and the best eco-friendly solution for hard water. Hydropath technology, which powers the HydroFLOW water conditioners, is by far the most efficient and cost-effective eco-friendly solution to deal with hard water problems. To learn more about how HydroFLOW solves the problems created by hard water, please check out our technology page. You might want to read this blog that explains the difference between water conditioners and water softeners: Water Conditioner vs. Water Softener Blog.

 

For more information, please contact HydroFLOW Pennsylvania